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Vietnam

National Flag: Vietnam 6c516f79cc07d9d0342c556713adc7eca591b5dd03480dac6bb006db5b3bfdd4

Sub Region: South-Eastern Asia

Official Armed Forces Name: People's Army of Vietnam


General Information

Category Quantity International Ranking
Geography  
Land Area (km2) 331,212.0 52
Population  
Population 90,730,000 13
Labor Force 54,170,000 11
Economy  
GDP Nominal (millions of USD) 200,493 46
GDP PPP (millions of USD) 592,848 35
GDP Nominal Per Capita (USD) 2,210 85
GDP PPP Per Capita (USD) 6,534 83
Financial Reserves (millions of USD) 34,660 43
Military Personnel  
Active Personnel 482,000 9
Paramilitary Personnel 482,000 34
Military Reservists 5,000,000 1
Military Spending  
Nominal Military Spending (millions of USD) 4,010 42
PPP Military Spending (millions of USD) 11,857 32
Nominal Military Spending Per Active Soldier (USD) 8,319 99
PPP Military Spending Per Active Soldier (USD) 24,600 97
Infrastructure  
Roadway Length (km) 206,633 24
Railway Length (km) 2,632 59
Number of Airports 45 69
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.666 70
Oil  
Oil Production (bbl/day) 298,400 30
Oil Consumption (bbl/day) 471,000 33
Proven Oil Reserves (bbl) 4,400,000,000 23
Merchant Marine  
Merchant Marine Ship Quantity 579 13
Nuclear Warheads  
Nuclear Warhead Quantity 0 10
Calculated Military Scores  
Combined Force Projection 1,610 35
Land Power 6,823 28
Air Power 2,900 40
Sea Power 4,447 35
Transport Power 61,169 15
Total War Potential 2,029 39

Force Branches

Land Forces  
Air Defense Forces Vietnam People's Air Defense Forces
Land Based Missile Force Vietnam People's Land Based Missile Force
Main Army Vietnam People's Ground Forces
Marine Corps Vietnam People's Naval Infantry
Special Forces Vietnam People's Special Forces
Air Forces  
Main Air Force Vietnam People's Air Force
Naval Aviation Vietnam People's Naval Aviation
Sea Forces  
Coast Guard Vietnam People's Coast Guard
Ice Breaker Fleet Vietnam People's Ice Breaker Fleet
Main Navy Vietnam People's Navy

Military Assets

Category Quantity International Ranking
Total Main Battle Tanks 1,270 15
4th Generation Main Battle Tanks 0 2
3rd Generation Main Battle Tanks 0 52
2nd Generation Main Battle Tanks 70 45
1st Generation Main Battle Tanks 1,200 4
Light Tanks 620 2
Armoured Reconnaissance Vehicles 100 45
Armoured Infantry Fighting Vehicles 300 35
Armoured Personnel Carriers 1,380 14
Self-propelled Howitzers 30 49
Self-propelled Multiple Rocket Launchers 350 7
Self-propelled Mortar Carriers 0 27
Anti-tank Missile Carriers 0 30
Self-propelled Anti-tank Guns 0 8
Self-propelled Anti-ballistic Missile SAM Launchers 0 2
Self-propelled Long Range SAM Launchers (Limited ABM) 12 7
Self-propelled Medium Range SAM Launchers 0 9
Self-propelled Short Range SAM Launchers 6 37
Self-propelled Anti-aircraft Guns 100 13
Self-propelled Gun/SAM Hybrid Systems 0 13
Towed Howitzers 2,048 7
Towed Multiple Rocket Launchers 0 10
Towed Mortars 0 91
Recoilless Guns 0 33
Towed Anti-tank Guns 0 17
Towed Anti-ballistic Missile SAM Launchers 0 3
Towed Long Range SAM Launchers (Limited ABM) 0 17
Towed Medium Range SAM Launchers 0 22
Towed Short Range SAM Launchers 0 10
Towed Anti-aircraft Guns 12,000 2
Towed Anti-aircraft Gun/SAM Hybrid Systems 0 1
Mobile Ballistic Missile Launchers 20 13
Silo Based Missiles 0 7
Total Aircraft 256 41
Total Fighter Aircraft 107 25
5th Generation Fighter Aircraft 0 7
4th Generation Fighter Aircraft 46 34
3rd Generation Fighter Aircraft 28 23
1st and 2nd Generation Fighter Aircraft 33 9
Ground Attack Aircraft 0 26
Strategic Bombers 0 5
Anti-submarine and Maritime Patrol Aircraft 0 23
Heavy Transport/Tanker Aircraft 0 18
Medium Transport/Tanker Aircraft 0 35
Light Transport/Tanker Aircraft 28 23
Early Warning Aircraft 0 14
Military Passenger Aircraft 0 29
Trainer Aircraft 47 37
Total Helicopters 74 45
Attack Helicopters 26 23
Non-Attack Helicopters 48 55
Combat Support Aircraft 0 30
Total Navy Displacement (metric tons) 66,857 27
Total Ships 128 17
Aircraft Carriers 0 5
Battleship/Battlecruisers 0 2
Cruisers 0 4
Destroyers 0 12
Frigates 7 11
Corvettes 11 6
Amphibious Assault Ships (LHD/LHAs) 0 5
Landing Platform/Dock (LPDs) 0 7
Landing Ship/Dock (LSDs) 0 5
Tank Landing Ships (LST/LSMs) 5 6
Landing Crafts 30 15
Mine Warfare Ships 13 12
Patrol Ships 62 14
Total Submarines 6 14
Ballistic Missile Submarines 0 6
Nuclear Attack Submarines 0 7
Conventional Attack Submarines 6 9
Coastal and Midget Submarines 0 5

Satellites

Category Quantity International Ranking
Communications 0 9
Navigation/Positioning/Time 0 5
Meteorology/Oceanography 0 2
Intelligence/Surveillance/Reconnaissance 0 8
Electronic Intelligence/Signal Intelligence 0 4
Space Surveillance 0 3
Early Warning 0 3

Coast Guard Assets

Category Quantity International Ranking
Large Patrol Ships 2 10
Medium Patrol Ships 4 11
Small Patrol Ships 34 23
Fixed Wing Aircraft 3 10
Helicopters 0 14

Ice Breakers

Category Quantity International Ranking
Quantity 0 8


Database sources: The Military Balance 2017, wikipedia.com, CIA World Factbook, as well as other online sources.