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Finland

National Flag: Finland 68af30353a76f4abaf37da937f609a96a1e017354db9f1fd536a6d301828db68

Sub Region: Northern Europe

Official Armed Forces Name: Finnish Defence Forces


General Information

Category Quantity International Ranking
Geography  
Land Area (km2) 338,424.0 51
Population  
Population 5,494,932 90
Labor Force 2,679,000 86
Economy  
GDP Nominal (millions of USD) 239,186 42
GDP PPP (millions of USD) 224,999 60
GDP Nominal Per Capita (USD) 43,528 11
GDP PPP Per Capita (USD) 40,947 20
Financial Reserves (millions of USD) 10,500 68
Military Personnel  
Active Personnel 22,000 73
Paramilitary Personnel 22,000 54
Military Reservists 354,000 16
Military Spending  
Nominal Military Spending (millions of USD) 3,283 48
PPP Military Spending (millions of USD) 3,088 66
Nominal Military Spending Per Active Soldier (USD) 149,227 21
PPP Military Spending Per Active Soldier (USD) 140,376 32
Infrastructure  
Roadway Length (km) 78,000 56
Railway Length (km) 5,944 30
Number of Airports 148 35
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.883 17
Oil  
Oil Production (bbl/day) 0 82
Oil Consumption (bbl/day) 196,300 56
Proven Oil Reserves (bbl) 0 82
Merchant Marine  
Merchant Marine Ship Quantity 97 32
Nuclear Warheads  
Nuclear Warhead Quantity 0 10
Calculated Military Scores  
Combined Force Projection 828 49
Land Power 3,436 43
Air Power 2,936 38
Sea Power 993 53
Transport Power 11,261 39
Total War Potential 1,821 43

Force Branches

Land Forces  
Air Defense Forces Finnish Air Defense Forces
Airborne Force Utti Jaeger Regiment
Land Based Missile Force Finnish Land Based Missile Force
Main Army Finnish Army
Marine Corps Uusimaa Brigade
Special Forces Finnish Special Forces
Air Forces  
Army Aviation Finnish Army Aviation
Main Air Force Finnish Air Force
Sea Forces  
Coast Guard Finnish Coast Guard
Ice Breaker Fleet Finnish Ice Breaker Fleet
Main Navy Finnish Navy

Military Assets

Category Quantity International Ranking
Total Main Battle Tanks 120 63
4th Generation Main Battle Tanks 0 2
3rd Generation Main Battle Tanks 120 30
2nd Generation Main Battle Tanks 0 56
1st Generation Main Battle Tanks 0 40
Light Tanks 0 33
Armoured Reconnaissance Vehicles 0 77
Armoured Infantry Fighting Vehicles 212 39
Armoured Personnel Carriers 613 33
Self-propelled Howitzers 36 47
Self-propelled Multiple Rocket Launchers 56 36
Self-propelled Mortar Carriers 18 22
Anti-tank Missile Carriers 0 30
Self-propelled Anti-tank Guns 0 8
Self-propelled Anti-ballistic Missile SAM Launchers 0 2
Self-propelled Long Range SAM Launchers (Limited ABM) 0 11
Self-propelled Medium Range SAM Launchers 24 6
Self-propelled Short Range SAM Launchers 36 22
Self-propelled Anti-aircraft Guns 7 32
Self-propelled Gun/SAM Hybrid Systems 0 13
Towed Howitzers 732 13
Towed Multiple Rocket Launchers 0 10
Towed Mortars 261 45
Recoilless Guns 0 33
Towed Anti-tank Guns 0 17
Towed Anti-ballistic Missile SAM Launchers 0 3
Towed Long Range SAM Launchers (Limited ABM) 0 17
Towed Medium Range SAM Launchers 0 22
Towed Short Range SAM Launchers 0 10
Towed Anti-aircraft Guns 461 16
Towed Anti-aircraft Gun/SAM Hybrid Systems 0 1
Mobile Ballistic Missile Launchers 0 20
Silo Based Missiles 0 7
Total Aircraft 186 53
Total Fighter Aircraft 62 39
5th Generation Fighter Aircraft 0 7
4th Generation Fighter Aircraft 62 29
3rd Generation Fighter Aircraft 0 40
1st and 2nd Generation Fighter Aircraft 0 21
Ground Attack Aircraft 0 26
Strategic Bombers 0 5
Anti-submarine and Maritime Patrol Aircraft 1 22
Heavy Transport/Tanker Aircraft 0 18
Medium Transport/Tanker Aircraft 0 35
Light Transport/Tanker Aircraft 11 38
Early Warning Aircraft 0 14
Military Passenger Aircraft 0 29
Trainer Aircraft 73 28
Total Helicopters 27 69
Attack Helicopters 0 43
Non-Attack Helicopters 27 69
Combat Support Aircraft 12 19
Total Navy Displacement (metric tons) 15,470 54
Total Ships 78 28
Aircraft Carriers 0 5
Battleship/Battlecruisers 0 2
Cruisers 0 4
Destroyers 0 12
Frigates 0 18
Corvettes 0 16
Amphibious Assault Ships (LHD/LHAs) 0 5
Landing Platform/Dock (LPDs) 0 7
Landing Ship/Dock (LSDs) 0 5
Tank Landing Ships (LST/LSMs) 0 11
Landing Crafts 51 9
Mine Warfare Ships 19 7
Patrol Ships 8 44
Total Submarines 0 20
Ballistic Missile Submarines 0 6
Nuclear Attack Submarines 0 7
Conventional Attack Submarines 0 15
Coastal and Midget Submarines 0 5

Satellites

Category Quantity International Ranking
Communications 0 9
Navigation/Positioning/Time 0 5
Meteorology/Oceanography 0 2
Intelligence/Surveillance/Reconnaissance 0 8
Electronic Intelligence/Signal Intelligence 0 4
Space Surveillance 0 3
Early Warning 0 3

Coast Guard Assets

Category Quantity International Ranking
Large Patrol Ships 0 12
Medium Patrol Ships 1 14
Small Patrol Ships 51 21
Fixed Wing Aircraft 2 11
Helicopters 12 9

Ice Breakers

Category Quantity International Ranking
Quantity 7 2


Database sources: The Military Balance 2017, wikipedia.com, CIA World Factbook, as well as other online sources.